Presentation of the city
Marrakech, known as the “Pearl of the South” bordered by the Atlas Mountains is the “Red City” par excellence, because of earth tones of all buildings and houses. Imperial city of Marrakech, tourist capital, is a medieval city with over 700,000 habitants.La city was founded in 1062-1070 by Youssef Ibn Tachfin, first king of the dynasty of the Almoravids (Berber rulers who reigned over the West North and Muslim Africa Spain).
Marrakech (third city of the kingdom) is located 242 km from Casablanca, Rabat 334 km and 500 km from Fez.
The city is divided into two distinct parts: the Medina (old city) and the new town divided into two main areas: Gueliz and wintering. Guéliz now the city center commercial.L’Hivernage, fanciest neighborhood has many resorts and mansions. In recent years, the city continues to grow in the periphery with the appearance of new residential areas such as Targa or you will find luxurious villas, or even the extension of Avenue Mohammed VI.
The medina is the historic heart of Marrakesh. The largest of Morocco, It covers a total area of 600 hectares.Les walls of the old city of Marrakech underwent significant changes at the whim of years since they were drilled new doors (Bab in Arabic) . Today, the walls rise from 8 to 10 meters in height and extend up to 19 kilometers.
You will find beautiful riads (traditional Moroccan houses in which we find a courtyard with a fountain or a small pond) must often prized by French owners. On the other hand, there are about 40,000 artisans working in the medina, set in different neighborhoods, each with its specificity.
The Jewish quarter, a poor neighborhood in the south of Medina, was and remains today the Jewish quarter of Marrakech known for its jewelry (you can count forty jewelery) at present and wholesalers who sell to detail their beads for weight particulires or traders.
The oldest market Mellah is the largest spice bazaar which occupies part of the market covered. It is located at the entrance near the square Ferblantiers.
The Market is also home to many fabric shops very good. At the customer’s request, it manufactures curtains, cushions, jellabiyas, etc.
Gates of Marrakech
– Bab Aghmat
– Bab Agnaou (oldest doors)
– Bab Ahmar
– Bab Aylen
– Bab Berrima
– Bab Doukkala
– Sharia Bab Ech
– Bab Ed Debbagh
– Bab El Jédid
– Bab El Khémis
– Bab El Makhzen
– Bab El Raha
– Bab Er Rharaza
– Bab er Robb
– Bab Fteuh
– Bab Ighli
– Bab Ksiba
– Bab Nkob
– Bab Shoushiga
– Bab Taghzout
SIGHTS & ATTRACTIONS :
Djemaa El Fna (eleventh century)
It is the place tourisitique Marrakech.Anciennement “place on death row“, it is now a bustling live or musicians, dancers, snake charmers, beggars, healers, water carriers, juice vendors oranges and dried fruit, shopkeepers … have found their marks. At nightfall, the place is transformed, consolidating outdoor restaurants where you can enjoy skewers of meat, fish, salads and other Moroccan specialties price dérisoires.A discover at least once for the atmosphere !
Ben Youssef Madrasa (sixteenth century)
Covering an area of 1680 m2, the Ben Youssef Madrasa is the largest madrasas across the Maghreb and was built talks Saadian sultan Abdellah Al Ghalib in 1564-65.
A true masterpiece of Moorish architecture of hand ornaments, Zelliges its colors, its doors sculpturée cedar wood …
Originally, the Madrasa was devoted to Qur’anic teaching, they could count on 132 rooms and will accommodate about 900 students coming to study various sciences and especially theology.
Since 1956, the university is no longer active.
From 9:00 to 18:00.
Place Ben Youssef.
Input: 10 Dirham or 1 euro.
The qoubba Almoravide (twelfth century)
Founded in 1064 in Marrakech, Qoubba (dome in Arabic) Almoravide is located opposite the entrance to the Ben Youssef Mosque and a few meters from the Museum of Marrakech is the last vestige of the Almoravids and one of the finest examples of their architecture.
It consists of two units: the qubba, and the fountain.
The Quoubba still intact for centuries, was built of lime, straw and stone Gueliz.
The fountain is one of the first in the city providing safe drinking water to people and animals.
Open daily from 9.00 to 18.30
Input: 10 DH.
The Saadian Tombs (sixteenth century)
Uncovered and restored around 1917 Saadian tombs actually date from the time of the great sultan Ahmed El Mansour (1578-1603).
The mausoleum comprises about sixty Saadian Tombs, including Al–Mansour, his successors and his family. The building is divided into three rooms:
– The first room of the mihrab, being intended for prayers and meditation, is divided into three nerves and three arcades supported by four columns of white marble.
– The second room is the most prestigious, it includes twelve columns of Carrara marble from Italy and it houses the tomb of Sultan Moulay Saadian Ahmed al-Mansour. Its dome cedar wood carved and decorated with gold leaf, stucco are finely worked.
It is also the largest room (about 10 x 12 meters); it is considered a masterpiece of Moorish art.
– The third room, called “hall of three niches” houses the tombs of children.
Outside, are the graves of soldiers and servants, and a garden of the necropolis.
Open every day of the week:
from 9:00 to 12:00 and 14:30 to 18:00.
At the entrance to the Kasbah Bab Agnaou side.
Input: 10 Dirhams or 1 euro.
Fontaine chrob or chouf (early seventeenth century)
This is one of the most beautiful fountains in the Saadian Medina established during the reign of Ahmed El Mansour (1578-1603). Small-scale, the fountain is made at the base only a loggia houses a trough maçonnerie.Des consoles muqarnas corbel supports a huge lintel carved cedar. The coronation, cedar is working as a honeycomb, all covered with a pitched roof covered with green glazed tiles. The inscriptions on the lintel are Andalusian calligraphy in cursive or Kufic script.
Water is a valuable and necessary component to meet the locals, the fountains were more numerous.
It is classified as World Heritage Site in 1985 by UNESCO.
Koutoubia Mosque (twelfth century)
The Koutoubia is the most famous religious monument of Marrakech, it was built by Sultan Abdelmoumen in 1147 and completed in 1157.
Its minaret is one of the great monuments of Islam from its ornaments with geometric and floral motifs, it is also raised four balls gilded copper size décroissante.La legend claims that these gold melt balls come from the wife of Youssef ben Tashufin.
Koutoubia is stone, interior stairs achieves covered rooms to the summit domes decorated with white Zelliges, green, and turquoises.Sa height reaches 77 m.La mosque has a square shape of 218 m with 7 bays.
It is impossible to visit but you can enjoy the night with all its beautiful lights.
Apple Golden Mosque (twelfth century)
The mosque Golden Apple is a religious building of the twelfth century built during the reign of Sultan Yacoub El Mansour, located near the oldest doors in Marrakech (Bab Agnaou).
It was restored and renamed “mosque with golden apples” because, according to legend, the balls of his lantern were made with gold jewelry of the wife of Yacoub El Mansour like the Koutoubia.
80 meters long, it is distinguished by its minaret decorated with intertwining diamonds in turquoise inlaid with colored tiles. It consists of a prayer hall and eleven naves.
Bahia Palace (nineteenth century)
The Bahia Palace said “the beautiful” was built for the Grand Vizier Ahmed ben Moussa 1880.Sa construction lasted seven years and includes 150 rooms on one same niveau.Le sultan received his 80 concubines.
The rooms are lavishly decorated, gardens and patios are wonderful.
The gardens can be visited and a small part of the palace, the royal family housing from time to time.
PALACE OF THE BAHIA
Rue de la Bahia – Zitoun el-Jadid – Medina – Marrakech
Open daily from 8.30am to 12am and from 14h30 to 18h
10 dirhams entry
El Badi Palace (XVI century)
El Badi Palace, was built in the late sixteenth century by Sultan Ahmed al-Mansour Saadian to celebrate victory over the Portuguese army in 1578 in the famous battle as the “Battle of the Three Kings” and this construction last 25 years.
We can count 360 pieces of princely complex richly decorated and it is in 1696 that the Alawite Sultan Moulay Ismail attributed the wealth of the palace in order to build the imperial city of Meknes.
Today there are only remnants surrounded by gardens, orange surrounded by high walls.
Storks nest on the walls of the ancient palace.
EL BADI PALACE
Open daily from 8:30 to 11:45 and 14:30 to 17.45.
Input: 20 dirhams
Menara Gardens (twelfth century)
Menara is a different set of gardens that covers an area of 1,200 meters long and 800 wide, planted with olive trees.
In the midst of the garden, a large pool at the base of a flag serves as a reservoir of water for irrigation and also allows irrigation of the olive grove.
This basin is supplied with water from an old hydraulic system over 700 years, which transpotre water from the mountains located 30 km from Marrakech.
The Menara gardens are also known for their tranquility, walks, picnics and love meeting specifically to enjoy the sunset. This was once the site of trysts sultans.
Avenue Menara – Wintering – Marrakech
Open daily from 8:30 am to 18h
Agdal Gardens (twelfth century)
Agdal Gardens are the oldest gardens in Marrakech, “Agdal” meaning jardin.Ils are long and 3 km wide by more than 1 km, vegetation is more varied than that of Menara.
The gardens were created in the twelfth century by the Almohads and embellished by the Saadian.
Irrigation of olive, orange, pomegranate, apricot garden is done by judicious irrigation system based on several tanks fed by the waters of the High Atlas ..
Hours: Open only on Fridays and Sundays.
Jardin Majorelle (twentieth century)
The Majorelle Garden is a botanical garden in Marrakech tourist the French painter Jacques Majorelle (1886-1962) created in 1931 around his workshop, he will plant bougainvillea, banana trees, palm trees, giant bamboos, yuccas, cacti of all kinds, philodendron , geraniums …
The painter died in 1962, the garden was therefore abandoned for several years and bought by Yves Saint Laurent and Pierre Bergé.
The former home of painter blue facade, “the famous Majorelle blue” was transformed into an art museum for showcasing Moroccan craftsmanship.
The ground floor has been transformed into exhibition of clothes, objects of beaten copper, arms and Berber jewelry.
The objects are still used and worn in the mountains.
The lounge on the first floor of a Moorish decor and furniture cedar is impressive.
A haven of peace and relaxation, this exceptional place in well worth a visit on both the beauty and the variety of cacti planted in pots “Majorelle blue” or green.
Avenue Yacoub el Mansour – Gueliz – Marrakech
Tel. : +212 (0) 24 30 18 52
Fax: +212 (0) 24 30 18 94
Summer hours: 9am to 12pm and from 15h to 19h. Closed Mondays and August.
Winter hours: 9am to 12pm and from 14h to 17h. Closed on Mondays.
Input: 30 DH
Access to the museum: 15 DH
OF INTEREST :
MONEY IN MOROCCO
1 Euro = 10 dirhams environ.Vous may also browse visit ccopera.com site that give you the exchange rates and the sale of online currency.
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IN MOROCCO
The official language in Morocco is Arabic, after the French.
TIME ZONES IN MOROCCO
There are 2 hours ahead in summer (if 9H summer in France, Morocco will be 7am in the morning) and 1 hour difference in winter (if 12H in France, it will be 11H in Morocco) compared to France.
TAXIS IN MARRAKECH
Take small taxis but demand the counter even if the prices are very faibles.Le night rates increase by 50% to negotiate. For longer trips outside Marrakech, you must borrow the Great Taxis and the price is negotiated.
PURCHASES IN MOROCCO
Know negotiate, it is a perpetual game between the merchant and you même.N’hésitez to several shops (in souks) before buying, some display the price, it is more difficult to trade unless you take several articles.Vous can also inquire rates by going to the craft throughout Marrakech Avenue Mohammed 5 before going into the souks to get an idea of craftsmanship, the prices are still a little expensive ; This serves as a basis to negotiate properly in the souks